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Inelastic Neutron Scattering

BL01 4SEASONS 4D Space Access Neutron Spectrometer

Summary

Observation of lattice and spin dynamics in condensed matter over a wide range of four-dimensional momentum-energy space with very high efficiency

Research ObjectivesNovel phenomena in lattice vibrations and spin excitations in strongly correlated electron system, especially high-temperature superconductors.
FeaturesWith advanced design of beam transport system and detectors, and by active utilization of multi-incident-energy measurements, the spectrometer can efficiently observe weak signals from lattice and spin dynamics that have not been detected before.

BL02 DNA Biomolecular Dynamics Spectrometer

Summary

Elucidation of functional origins of materials by measuring atomic and molecular dynamics in nanosecond order

Research ObjectivesBiomacromolecules, Softmaterials, Atomic motion in functional materials, Spin dynamics in magnetic materials.
FeaturesHigh efficiency and high signal-to-noise ratio are achieved to detect meaningful weak signals in inelastic energy region by sophisticated new Si analyzer mirrors coated with a Gd neutron absorber on the rear of a Si wafer, significantly reducing undesirable scattering from glue between Si wafers and their back support.

BL06 VIN ROSE Neutron Resonance Spin Echo Spectrometers

Summary

Dynamical behaviors from ps to sub-µs

Research ObjectivesRelaxation properties of small molecules such as water, etc. Diffusion of liquid molecules and assembly. Slow dynamics of glass and large scale structures of magnetic materials and ferroelectrics.
FeaturesIntermediate structure factor I(Q, t) could be observed directly. The highest energy resolution without losing intensity.

BL12 HRC High Resolution Chopper Spectrometer

Summary

HRC enables us to access the wide momentum (Q) and energy (E) for conducting forefront researches on dynamical properties in material with the best resolution ever!

Research ObjectivesDynamics on atoms, molecules and spins in condensed matter.
FeaturesNewly developed Fermi chopper can provide fine tuned neutrons. A large array of detectors (target -30°~130°) makes it possible to study wide range of motions.

BL14 AMATERAS Cold-Neutron Disk-Chopper Spectrometer

Summary

The best resolution, the best intensity for your inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering experiment!

Research ObjectivesPhonon and magnetic excitation in a hard matter; Atomic/molecular motion, oscillation and diffusion in liquid, polymer, battery and catalyst.
FeaturesObserving slow dynamics of atoms, molecules and spins, making use of both high resolution and the multi-Ei measurement.

Neutron Diffraction

BL03 iBIX IBARAKI Biological Crystal Diffractometer

Summary

Observation of Hydrogen and hydration structure of macromolecules and organic compounds with high measurement efficiency and high resolution

Research ObjectivesElucidation of the function of proteins and chemical reaction contributed by hydrogen and hydration structures.
FeaturesTo identify hydrogen atoms which is difficult to be accomplished by X-ray. Diffraction data can be obtained from a crystal as small as for laboratory X-ray source.

BL08 SuperHRPD Super High Resolution Powder Diffractometer

Summary

Observation of slight structure distortion with high precision

Research ObjectivesMaterials with complicated structure, composite materials, produced using the newest materials development technology.
FeaturesThe atomic position of a light element such as hydrogen in a crystal structure can be determined precisely.
The complementary use of X-rays and neutrons will be realized in the intensity and resolution.

BL09 SPICA Special Environment Neutron Powder Diffractometer

Summary

Real-time observation of structure and its change of functional materials and non-equilibrium reaction in practical devices

Research ObjectivesFunctional materials (ionic conductor, dielectric and magnetic material, metal and metal ceramic composite and etc.) and practical devices (battery and etc.)
FeaturesThe atomic position of a light element such as hydrogen and lithium in a crystal structure can be determined precisely. An observation of structure changes in the practical device under an operative condition.

BL11 PLANET High-Pressure Neutron Diffractometer

Summary

Observe the pressure induced change of structure of materials
Reproduce the interior of the Earth on the ground

Research ObjectivesBehaviour of the hydrogen in the materials under high-pressure and temperature condition, State of the water and hydrogen in the deep Earth, Pressure-induced structural change of liquid and amorphous solids, Structural change of ice at low-temperature and high-pressure condition.
FeaturesGeneration of high-pressure and high-temperature condition (10 GPa, 2000℃) with the six-axis multi-anvil press ATSUHIME, Capable of obtaining clean patterns with narrow beam collimation.

BL18 SENJU Extreme Environment Single Crystal Neutron Diffractometer

Summary

Explore wide 3-dimensional reciprocal space simultaneously

Research ObjectivesReveal the origin of functionalities of organic/inorganic materials from the structural point of view.
FeaturesDetermine precise positions of light atoms such as hydrogen and oxygen atoms as well as complicated magnetic structures by highly efficient measurements under multiple extreme environments.

BL19 TAKUMI Engineering Materials Diffractometer

Summary

Solving various problems related to internal stresses and microstructures

Research ObjectivesMetals, ceramics, composites, small to large sizes of components.
FeaturesSimultaneous strain measurement of more than two orthogonal strain components, multi-peak (more than 15 peaks for FCC steel) measurement, highest strain accuracy by highest peak resolution.

BL20 iMATERIA IBARAKI Materials Design Diffractometer

Summary

High efficiency and high resolution crystal structure refinements for wide d region

Research ObjectivesCrystal structure and atomic arrangement refiments for energy device materials, such as Li battery and fuel battery materials.
Features100 times higher intensity from previous instruments.
Various measurement modes using 4 detector banks.
Wide d range measurement.
Promotion for industrial use.

BL21 NOVA High Intensity Total Diffractometer

Summary

Investigation of origin of hydrogen-induced physical properties by analysis of atomic position, and hydrogen correlations, and approach from pair correlation in disordered system

Research ObjectivesObservation of (magnetic) structural changes or pair correlation in hydrogen-induced physical properties, hydrogen storage materials or amorphous compounds.
FeaturesWide range of structural changes can be observed: from nearest atomic distance to nm order distance. The throughput efficiency of one measurement is world's highest as a total diffractometer.

SANS and Neutron Reflectometry

BL15 TAIKAN Small and Wide Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument

Summary

Analysis of nanostructures and microstructues ranging from sub-nm to μm in various materials

Research ObjectivesStructural analysis of metals, magnetic nano-materials, soft materials, proteins, and their complexes.
Elucidation of nonequilibrium phenomena.
FeaturesWide-scale and high-spatial/time resolution measurement using advanced polarized and focusing neutron devices.

BL16 SOFIA Soft Interface Analyzer

Summary

Shed light on "nano-interface" structure with reflection of neutrons

Research ObjectivesNano structure of every interface including free interfaces like water.
FeaturesNeutron reflectometer can color what you would like to see with isotopes, e.g. by heavy hydrogen, and can observe the reflection from buried interfaces thanks to high transmittance of neutrons.

BL17 SHARAKU Polarized Neutron Reflectometer

Summary

Investigation of microscopic structures of interfaces using microscopic neutron spins

Research ObjectivesRevealing mechanisms of functions of thin film devices by studying structures of surface and buried interfaces.
FeaturesEnhanced sensitivity of magnetic moments using polarized neutrons, and a high-precision neutron reflectivity measurement of a wide variety of thin films such as magnetic devices, nonmagnetic films, metallic films, polymer films, regardless of materials.

Neutron Imaging

BL22 RADEN Energy Resolved Neutron Imaging System

Summary

Visualization of crystal, elemental and magnetic information of materials by energy-resolved neutrons

Research ObjectivesThe following three imaging options are available in addition to conventional neutron radiography. 1) Bragg-edge imaging: crystal structure, crystalline phase, texture, microstructure, strain, preferred orientation and crystalline size in a polycrystalline material, 2) Polarized neutron imaging: Vector information of magnetic fields, 3) Resonance imaging: elements and temperature.

Other Neutron Instruments

BL04 ANNRI Accurate Neutron-Nucleus Reaction Measurement Instrument

Summary

Grasping Nuclear Reactions at a Moment

Research ObjectivesThe reaction probabilities between neutrons and nuclei are precisely measured for a wide region of neutron energy.
FeaturesThe neutron flight time gives its velocity and energy. Gamma-rays generated by nuclear reaction are measured with high precision. A small sample, less than 1 mg, is used due to the high power of the neutrons.

BL05 NOP Neutron Optics and Physics Beamline

Summary

Particle physics and cosmology with low energy neutrons

Research ObjectivesSearch for rare phenomena beyond the standard model of particle physics. Precision measurements on the decay, scattering, and interference of low energy neutrons, R&D of neutron optics for precise and efficient neutron measurements.
FeaturesHigh-intensity low-energy neutrons in a low background environment. The upstream supermirror bender provides the three unique neutron beams, low-divergence, unpolarized, and polarized beams.

BL10 NOBORU NeutrOn Beam-line for Observation and Research Use

Summary

Serving a versatile neutron field for characterizing the neutron source as well as for R&D on various devices, irradiation and analysis of materials, etc

Research ObjectivesCharacterization of the neutron source, nondestructive 3-D imaging of various objects utilizing nature of neutrons as particles, waves and magnets.

Muon Spectroscopy

Muon D1 Muon Apparatus for Materials and Life Science Experiments

Summary

Muon irradiation experiments for Materials and Life Science using positive or negative muon (μ+ or μ-) as a sensitive probe in the atomic scale.

Research ObjectivesMuon spin rotation/relaxation (μSR) measurements for electronic property of materials and/or electronic state of hydrogen introduced to the material.
FeaturesμSR apparatus with an energy-variable positive muon beam.
A wide variety of sample enviroments including extremely low temperature and/or high pressure are availavle.

Muon D2 Muon Apparatus for Basic Science Experiments

Summary

Portable apparati for variety of studies from subatomic physics to non-destructive element analysis using positive and/or negative muons (μ+, μ-)

Research ObjectivesNon-destructive element analysis, elementary particle physics, muonic atoms, nuclear muon capture, etc.
FeaturesHigh intensity pulsed beam is available for both positive and negative muons. Area is available for custom-made portable apparatus (needs prior consultation with MSL staff).

Muon S1 ARTEMIS General purpose μSR spectrometer

Summary

Muon irradiation experiments for Materials and Life Science using positive muon (μ+) as a sensitive probe in the atomic scale.

Research ObjectivesMuon spin rotation/relaxation (μSR) measurements for electronic property of materials and/or electronic state of hydrogen introduced to the material.
FeaturesμSR spectrometer with a fixed momentum pulsed positive muons.
Measurements likewise at D1 is possible, except under pressure and at extreme low temperature.

Muon U1A Ultra Slow Muon Microscope Apparatus

Commissioning

Summary

Microscopic information on the electronic properties of near-surface/interface areas for heterostructured thin films, nano- and bio-materials using muon as a sensitive magentic probe.

Research ObjectivesMuon spin rotation/relaxation (μSR) measurements for electronic property of materials and/or electronic state of hydrogen over near-surface/interface areas in heterostructured thin films, nano- and bio-materials.
FeaturesμSR spectrometer for the world's highest intensity ultra slow positive muons.
Measurements likewise at D1 is possible, except under pressure and at extreme low temperature.